JMP Group Reports Third Quarter 2019 Financial Results

SAN FRANCISCO–(BUSINESS WIRE)–JMP Group LLC (NYSE: JMP), an investment banking and alternative asset management firm, reported financial results today for the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

A summary of JMP Group’s operating results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods, is set forth below.

Quarter Ended Nine Months Ended
(in thousands, except per share amounts) Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018 Sept. 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
 
Total net revenues

$21,024

 

$28,068

 

$33,251

$76,259

 

$104,726

 

 
Net income/(loss) attributable to JMP Group

($4,061

)

($1,112

)

$288

($104

)

($1,983

)

Net income/(loss) attributable to JMP Group per share

($0.21

)

($0.05

)

$0.01

($0.01

)

($0.09

)

 
Operating net income

($1,963

)

($697

)

$1,741

($991

)

$3,494

 

Operating net income per share

($0.10

)

($0.03

)

$0.08

($0.05

)

$0.16

 

 
Book value per share

$3.72

 

$3.91

 

$4.06

$3.72

 

$4.06

 

Adjusted book value per share

$4.51

 

$4.67

 

$5.07

$4.51

 

$5.07

 

For more information about operating net income, including a reconciliation to net income, and adjusted book value per share, including a reconciliation to book value per share, see the section below titled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

We had disappointing results for the quarter and nine months ended in September, primarily due to decreased capital markets revenues and expenses associated with the growth of our strategic advisory business,” said Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Joe Jolson. “We remain focused on building our longer-term earnings power through a combination of selective strategic hiring in our M&A business, the reduction of our fixed but discretionary non-compensation costs, and the opportunistic redeployment of our invested capital over time.

We have produced lower life sciences equity capital markets revenues this year, as a decline in the overall biotech ECM market, aggressive industry competition, and some employee turnover resulted in decreased transaction activity. However, we have made significant hires in this area over the past twelve months, and we are optimistic about a recovery in 2020, assuming market conditions remain stable. Our strategic hires in 2018 and 2019 continue to ramp their pipelines of engaged advisory transactions, and we hope to enjoy accelerating closings of these deals going forward.

During the third quarter, we took advantage of lower short-term interest rates to refinance our remaining 8.00% debt due in 2023 with newly issued 6.875% debt due in 2029. Pushing out the maturity by more than six years and lowering the coupon materially provided us with increased flexibility in managing our investment portfolio and with higher earnings for shareholders. Moreover, we were able to shorten the no-call period for the new bonds to just two years. In the interim, we will look to pay down our borrowings with the proceeds of investment sales and with earnings.”

Segment Results of Operations

A summary of JMP Group’s operating net income per share by segment for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods, is set forth below.

Quarter Ended

Nine Months Ended
($ as shown)

Sept. 30, 2019

June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018 Sept. 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
 
Broker-dealer

($0.06

)

($0.04

)

$0.09

 

($0.14

)

$0.29

 

 
Asset management:
Asset management fee income

(0.01

)

(0.01

)

0.00

 

(0.05

)

(0.04

)

Investment income

0.05

 

0.09

 

0.10

 

0.37

(1)

0.21

 

Total asset management

0.03

 

0.07

 

0.10

 

0.32

 

0.17

 

 
Corporate costs

(0.08

)

(0.07

)

(0.11

)

(0.22

)

(0.30

)

 
Operating EPS (diluted)

($0.10

)

($0.03

)

$0.08

 

($0.05

)

$0.16

 

(1)

Includes a gain of $0.08 per share on the sale of a controlling interest in JMP Credit Advisors LLC to Medalist Partners LP.

 
Note: Due to rounding, numbers in columns above may not sum to totals presented.

For more information about operating net income, including a reconciliation to net income, see the section below titled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Composition of Revenues

Investment Banking

Investment banking revenues were $15.2 million, a decrease of 27.8% from $21.1 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, investment banking revenues were $44.8 million, a decrease of 36.2% from $70.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

A summary of the company’s investment banking revenues and transaction counts for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods, is set forth below.

Quarter Ended Nine Months Ended
Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018 Sept. 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
($ in thousands) Count Revenues Count Revenues Count Revenues Count Revenues Count Revenues
 
Equity and debt origination

17

$8,561

25

$12,328

21

$11,366

59

$27,678

73

$47,276

Strategic advisory and private placements

6

6,667

3

5,408

4

9,729

15

17,165

17

23,042

 
Total

23

$15,228

28

$17,736

25

$21,095

74

$44,843

90

$70,318

Brokerage

Net brokerage revenues were $4.0 million, a decrease of 15.1% from $4.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, net brokerage revenues were $13.2 million, a decrease of 11.0% from $14.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

Total capital markets revenues, which consist of net brokerage revenues produced by the institutional equities division in addition to equity and debt origination revenues generated by the investment banking division, were $12.5 million and $40.8 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, compared to $16.0 million and $62.1 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

Asset Management

Asset management fees were $1.6 million, a decrease of 56.0% from $3.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, asset management fees were $5.7 million, a decrease of 63.3% from $15.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The decrease is primarily due to the sale of the Harvest Small Cap Partners hedge fund strategy at year-end 2018. For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the fund strategy contributed $1.6 million and $10.0 million, respectively, to asset management fees. While the sale results in a considerable loss of asset management revenue, it was structured to have a neutral to slightly positive effect on JMP Group’s operating net income going forward, as the company will share in the fund strategy’s revenues in 2019 and beyond.

A summary of the company’s client assets under management for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods, is set forth below.

(in millions) Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018

Harvest Capital Strategies, JMP Asset Management and HCAP Advisors

$554

$544

$889

JMP Credit Advisors (1)

1,211

Client assets under management

554

544

2,100

Assets under management by sponsored funds (2)

5,237

5,108

3,753

Client assets under management, including sponsored funds

$5,791

$5,652

$5,853

(1)

As announced on March 20, 2019, JMP Group sold a 50.1% equity interest in JMP Credit Advisors LLC to Medalist Partners LP and a 4.9% interest to employees of JMP Credit Advisors. Consequently, assets managed by Medalist Partners Corporate Finance, the former JMP Credit Advisors, have been included among sponsored funds since the quarter ended March 31, 2019.

(2)

Funds managed by third-party asset managers in which JMP Group owns an economic interest.

Principal Transactions

Principal transactions generated a net loss of $0.3 million, compared to a net gain of $0.5 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, principal transactions generated a net gain of $6.4 million, compared to a net loss of $1.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The difference is primarily due to a gain of $3.4 million on the sale of a majority interest in JMP Credit Advisors in March 2019, in addition to a gain of $0.2 million on JMP Group’s investment in Workspace Property Trust for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, compared to a loss of $2.0 million on the investment for the quarter ended March 31, 2018, due to costs associated with a failed initial public offering.

Net Interest Income

Net interest income was $0.4 million, a decrease of 91.8% from $4.9 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, net interest income was $4.7 million, a decrease of 60.1% from $11.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The difference is primarily due to a change in the recognition of income from investments in collateralized loan obligations following the sale of a majority interest in JMP Credit Advisors to Medalist Partners in March 2019.

In addition, the quarter ended September 30, 2019, included $0.2 million of non-recurring interest expense related to the refinancing of debt. During the quarter, JMP Group issued 6.875% senior notes due 2029 and announced the redemption of 8.00% senior notes due 2023. Per the terms of the indenture, holders of the 8.00% senior notes were contractually owed interest through the redemption date of October 28, 2019. However, the company opted to accelerate the payment to the trustee of those notes in order to derecognize them as of September 27, 2019, and consequently recorded all of the remaining interest expense, amounting to $0.2 million, in the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

Provision for Loan Losses

The net loan loss provision was $0.4 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, reflecting a specific credit deemed to be impaired. For the quarter ended September 30, 2018, before JMP Group deconsolidated all collateralized loan obligations from the company’s financial statements with the sale of a majority interest in JMP Credit Advisors to Medalist Partners in March 2019, the net loan loss provision was $1.5 million.

Early Retirement of Debt

In the quarter ended September 30, 2019, JMP Group redeemed outstanding 8.00% senior notes due 2023. The redemption of the notes accelerated the amortization of remaining capitalized issuance costs of $0.5 million. Additionally, non-recurring interest expense of $0.2 million was recognized in connection with the 8.00% senior notes as a result of their redemption, as described above in the section titled “Net Interest Income.”

Expenses

Compensation and Benefits

Compensation and benefits expense was $17.5 million, compared to $22.7 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. As a percentage of net revenues, compensation and benefits expense was 83.3%, compared to 68.2% for the quarter ended September 30, 2018. With regard to annually awarded compensation, a non-GAAP measure that adjusts compensation expense related to share-based awards and deferred compensation, compensation and benefits expense was 79.7% of net revenues, compared to 68.0% for the quarter ended September 30, 2018.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, compensation and benefits expense was $54.7 million, compared to $76.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. As a percentage of net revenues, compensation and benefits expense was 71.7%, compared to 72.6% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. With regard to annually awarded compensation, compensation and benefits expense was 68.8% of net revenues, compared to 72.4% for the nine months September June 30, 2018. The difference is in part due to the sale of the Harvest Small Cap Partners hedge fund strategy at year-end 2018. In 2018, when the strategy’s revenues and expenses were recognized by JMP Group, any incentive fees earned, substantially all of which were passed through to the strategy’s investment team as compensation, resulted in elevated compensation ratios in certain periods.

For more information about compensation ratios, see the section below titled “Non-GAAP Financial Measures.”

Non-Compensation Expense

Non-compensation expense was $8.9 million and $27.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, respectively, compared to $8.9 million and $30.6 million for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2018, respectively.

Share Repurchase Activity

The company did not repurchase any outstanding common shares during the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

Personnel

At September 30, 2019, the company had 208 full-time employees, compared to 200 at June 30, 2019, and 224 at September 30, 2018.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the GAAP financial results presented in this press release, JMP Group presents the non-GAAP financial measures discussed below. These non-GAAP measures are provided to enhance investors’ overall understanding of the company’s current financial performance. Furthermore, company management believes that this presentation enables a more meaningful comparison of JMP Group’s financial performance across various periods. However, the non-GAAP financial results presented should not be considered a substitute for results that are presented in a manner consistent with GAAP. A limitation of the non-GAAP financial measures presented is that the adjustments concern gains, losses or expenses that JMP Group generally expects to continue to recognize. The adjustment of these non-GAAP items should not be construed as an inference that these gains or expenses are unusual, infrequent or non-recurring. Therefore, both GAAP measures of JMP Group’s financial performance and the respective non-GAAP measures should be considered together. The non-GAAP measures presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.

Compensation Ratio

A compensation ratio expresses compensation expense as a percentage of net revenues in a given period. As presented by JMP Group, an adjusted compensation ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure that utilizes adjusted compensation and benefits expense as the numerator. This adjusted ratio excludes certain compensation-related expenses that are or are not recognized under GAAP. In particular, the adjusted compensation ratio reverses compensation expense and unrealized mark-to-market gains or losses related to share-based awards and deferred compensation (so that the compensation expenses used in the numerator correspond to the adjusted net revenues generated in the periods presented).

A statement of JMP Group’s compensation ratio for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods, is set forth below.

Quarter Ended Nine Months Ended
($ in thousands) Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018 Sept. 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
 
Total net revenues

$21,024

 

$28,068

 

$33,251

 

$76,259

 

$104,726

 

 
Compensation and benefits

$17,506

 

$19,945

 

$22,671

 

$54,673

 

$76,070

 

Share-based awards and deferred compensation

753

 

587

 

76

 

2,184

 

289

 

Adjusted compensation and benefits

$16,753

 

$19,358

 

$22,595

 

$52,489

 

$75,781

 

 
Ratio of compensation expense to net revenues

83.3

%

71.1

%

68.2

%

71.7

%

72.6

%

Ratio of adjusted compensation expense to net revenues

79.7

%

69.0

%

68.0

%

68.8

%

72.4

%

Operating Net Income

Operating net income is a non-GAAP financial measure that (i) reverses compensation expense related to share-based awards and deferred compensation, (ii) reverses the general loan loss provision taken with regard to certain CLOs, (iii) excludes the impact of the early retirement of debt issued by JMP Group and a CLO, (iv) excludes transaction costs related to a CLO, (v) excludes amortization expense related to a CLO, (vi) reverses unrealized gains or losses related to real estate investment properties, (vii) reverses net unrealized gains and losses on strategic equity investments and warrants, and (viii) assumes an effective tax rate. In particular, operating net income adjusts for:

  • the grant of RSUs and options;
  • net deferred compensation, which consists of (a) deferred compensation awarded in a given period but recognized as a GAAP expense over the subsequent three years, less (b) GAAP expense recognized in a given period but already reflected in the operating income of a prior period; the purpose of this adjustment is to fully reflect compensation awarded in a given year, notwithstanding the timing of GAAP expense;
  • the non-specific loss provision recorded with regard to loans held by collateralized loan obligations and loans held for investment, which is required by GAAP, prior to the quarter ended March 31, 2019;
  • one-time expenses associated with the redemption of debt underlying JMP Credit Advisors CLO III (in the first quarter of 2018), the redemption of senior notes due 2023 (in the third quarter of 2018 and the third quarter of 2019), and the resulting acceleration of the amortization of remaining capitalized issuance costs;
  • one-time transaction costs related to the refinancing of notes issued by JMP Credit Advisors CLO III;
  • amortization expense related to an intangible asset resulting from the repurchase of a portion of the management fees from JMP Credit Advisors CLO III;
  • unrealized gains or losses on commercial real estate investments, adjusted for non-cash expenditures, including depreciation and amortization;
  • unrealized mark-to-market gains or losses on the company’s strategic equity investments as well as certain warrant positions; and
  • as of January 1, 2019, a combined federal, state and local income tax rate of 26% at the consolidated taxable parent company, JMP Group, while, prior to January 1, 2019, a combined federal, state and local income tax rate of 26% at the taxable direct subsidiary of JMP Group and a tax rate of 0% at the company’s other direct subsidiary, which was a “pass-through entity” for tax purposes.

A reconciliation of JMP Group’s net income to its operating net income for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2019, and for comparable prior periods is set forth below.

Quarter Ended Nine Months Ended
(in thousands, except per share amounts) Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018 Sept. 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
 
Net income/(loss) attributable to JMP Group

($4,061

)

($1,112

)

$288

 

($104

)

($1,983

)

 
Add back/(subtract):
Income tax expense/(benefit)

(1,220

)

(517

)

527

 

(5,839

)

(146

)

Income/(loss) before taxes

(5,281

)

(1,629

)

815

 

(5,943

)

(2,129

)

 
Add back/(subtract):
Share-based awards and deferred compensation

753

 

587

 

76

 

2,184

 

289

 

General loan loss provision/(reversal) – collateralized loan obligations

 

 

855

 

 

2,348

 

Early retirement of debt

625

 

 

170

 

625

 

1,488

 

Restructuring costs – CLO portfolios

 

 

 

 

54

 

Amortization of intangible asset – CLO III

 

 

69

 

277

 

207

 

Unrealized (gain)/loss – real estate-related depreciation and amortization

647

 

221

 

260

 

1,425

 

1,864

 

Unrealized mark-to-market (gain)/loss – strategic equity investments and warrants

604

 

(121

)

(327

)

93

 

16

 

Operating income/(loss) before taxes

(2,652

)

(942

)

1,918

 

(1,339

)

4,137

 

 
Income tax expense/(benefit)

(689

)

(245

)

177

 

(348

)

643

 

Operating net income/(loss)

($1,963

)

($697

)

$1,741

 

($991

)

$3,494

 

 
Operating net income/(loss) per share:
Basic

($0.10

)

($0.03

)

$0.08

 

($0.05

)

$0.16

 

Diluted (1)

($0.10

)

($0.03

)

$0.08

 

($0.05

)

$0.16

 

 
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic

19,324

 

20,772

 

21,435

 

20,454

 

21,545

 

Diluted (1)

19,582

 

20,962

 

21,737

 

20,584

 

21,713

 

(1)

On a GAAP basis, the weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding for the quarters ended September 30, 2019, and June 30, 2019, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, and September 30, 2018, was 19,324,427, 20,771,802, 20,454,118 and 21,544,879, respectively, equivalent to the weighted average number of basic shares outstanding, due to the company’s net loss for those periods. Under GAAP, in a period of net loss, dilutive securities are disregarded in the calculation of earnings per share.

Book Value per Share

At September 30, 2019, JMP Group’s book value per share was $3.72. Adding back accumulated depreciation and amortization expense related to commercial real estate investments that is recognized by JMP Group as a result of equity method accounting reflects the reversal of that expense in the calculation of operating net income. Starting with the quarter ended March 31, 2019, the add-back includes a tax provision related to the expense reversed in that period, due to the company’s election to be taxed as a C corporation as of January 1, 2019. Likewise, adding back the accumulated general loan loss provision related to collateralized loan obligations reflects the reversal of that provision in the calculation of operating net income, an adjustment not made subsequent to the sale of a majority interest in JMP Credit Advisors in March 2019. As a result, adjusted book value per share was $4.51 for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, as set forth below.

(in thousands, except per share amounts) Sept. 30, 2019 June 30, 2019 Sept. 30, 2018
 
Shareholders’ equity

$71,849

 

$75,441

 

$86,734

 

 
Accumulated unrealized loss – real estate-related depreciation and amortization

$15,238

 

$14,759

 

$13,815

 

Accumulated general loan loss provision – collateralized loan obligations

 

 

7,806

 

Adjusted shareholders’ equity

$87,087

 

$90,200

 

$108,355

 

 
Book value per share

$3.72

 

$3.91

 

$4.06

 

Adjusted book value per share

$4.51

 

$4.67

 

$5.07

 

 
Basic shares outstanding

19,324

 

19,302

 

21,357

 

 
Quarterly operating ROE (1)

(10.7

%)

(3.4

%)

7.9

%

LTM operating ROE (1)

1.9

%

6.2

%

7.6

%

 
Quarterly adjusted operating ROE (1)

(8.9

%)

(2.9

%)

6.4

%

LTM adjusted operating ROE (1)

1.6

%

5.1

%

6.3

%

(1)

Operating return on equity (ROE) equals operating net income divided by average shareholders’ equity. Adjusted operating ROE equals operating net income divided by average adjusted shareholders’ equity. For more information about operating net income, including a reconciliation to net income attributable to JMP Group, see the section above titled “Operating Net Income.”

Conference Call

JMP Group will no longer hold conference calls in connection with the release of the company’s quarterly financial results.

Cautionary Note Regarding Quarterly Financial Results

Due to the nature of its business, JMP Group’s quarterly revenues and net income may fluctuate materially depending on: the size and number of investment banking transactions on which it advises; the timing of the completion of those transactions; the size and number of securities trades which it executes for brokerage customers; the performance of its asset management funds and inflows and outflows of assets under management; gains or losses stemming from sales of or prepayments on, or losses stemming from defaults on, loans underlying the company’s collateralized loan obligations; and the effect of the overall condition of the securities markets and economy as a whole. Accordingly, revenues and net income in any particular quarter may not be indicative of future results. Furthermore, JMP Group’s compensation expense is generally based upon revenues and can fluctuate materially in any quarter, depending upon the amount and sorts of revenue recognized as well as other factors. The amount of compensation and benefits expense recognized in a particular quarter may not be indicative of such expense in any future period. As a result, the company suggests that its annual results may be the most meaningful gauge for investors in evaluating the performance of its business.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This press release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Contacts

Investor Relations Contact
JMP Group LLC

Andrew Palmer

(415) 835-8978

apalmer@jmpg.com

Media Relations Contacts
Dukas Linden Public Relations, Inc.

Zach Leibowitz

(646) 722-6528

zach@dlpr.com

Michael Falco

(646) 808-3611

michael@dlpr.com

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